A four-day tour of London. Blitz tour!
Tour to London: four days in London! British visa allows you to stay in the country for six months, but nothing can be done — in the schedule of my…

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Great Britain Attractions
The United Kingdom includes countries such as England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland. Each of these countries is beautiful in its own way, with its own traditions, history, architecture and local…

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Tour in Scotland. Looking for the monster from Loch ness
Even if you do not read the tabloids and firmly believe that there is no monster in Loch ness, it is still worth visiting these shores in Scotland to enjoy…

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Welsh Culture. The Traditions Of Wales. Welsh Cuisine

Eisteddfod is purely a Welsh invention, which gives all travelers a mystical experience. The word Eisteddfod means “meeting of the bards”, and traditionally Eisteddfod was a competition associated with the poetry and music. Eisteddfod the first was held in 1176. However, the popularity of these events fell after the XVII century, when they began to cause rage among strict nonconformist Protestants. In 1860, to resume the old tradition was established by the National Society Eisteddfod, and currently three major Eisteddfod and several local and regional scale. Another heritage of Welsh culture, leading traditions from the mining communities of South Wales, are male choirs. The choirs are based on Methodism, and their repertoire is rich in hymns and other solemn works. Over time, the structure of choirs is changing – now you can see both foreigners and – paradoxically – women in their compositions.

The Welsh are a nation of nonconformists, so it is not surprising that a large number of nonconformist Protestant sects appear here. Christianity has existed in Wales since the fifth century; since the reformation, Wales has been a diocese of the Anglican Church. In the eighteenth century, new strata of the working class began to form various sects, in particular, Baptist, Methodist and independent, implying the introduction of self-government for each parish. By 1851, 80% of the population were nonconformists, and in 1920 the Anglican Church disappeared from the country. Nonconformists are traditionally puritans, and until recently, the pubs were closed on Sundays. Currently, however, only 220 thousand of the Welsh were nonconformists.

The fact that Wales stands out so vividly against the background of Britain is the preservation of the Welsh language as a living and widely used one. Despite the bizarre and unpronounceable double sound “l” and successive consonants, the Welsh language belongs to the Celtic group of Indo-European languages. His closest linguistic brothers are Cornish and Breton. During the Roman occupation, many people became bilingual, in addition to Welsh and mastered Latin. Since then and until now Latin influence on Welsh language still remains obvious. The language was fully developed by the 6th century and is one of the oldest languages in Europe. The industrial revolution brought a flood of native English speakers into the country, and between 1800 and 1900, the percentage of people speaking Welsh dropped from 80% to 50%. Nowadays, only 20% of the population, mostly in the Northwest and West, speak Welsh. Activists are working to bring the language back to life – for example, the law prescribes to speak Welsh in the courts, several bilingual publications are produced, the Fourth Welsh TV channel broadcasts daily programs in Welsh. In 1988 was established the Council for the Welsh language, and in 1994 was introduced the act on the Welsh language, stating that this language is no less important than other languages, and discrimination against people who speak the Welsh language illegal.

Welsh food does not differ in any bright features, but it still exists! The absolute symbol of the local cuisine is leek. However, no less specific look and such dishes as bread from red algae (a mixture of seaweed, oatmeal and bacon, served as toast), croutons with cheese (cheese on toast with the addition of the aroma of mustard and beer) and Glamorgan sausages (Glamorgan saucages), made of cheese, bread, herbs and, of course, leek.

Universities in the UK. Oxford... Cambridge... And number three.…
Can you name the three oldest universities in Britain? Well, the first two are clear -- Oxford and Cambridge, everybody knows that. And the third? First clue: it is not…

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Britain. Greenwich for all
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Castles of England. History in Architecture
The castles of England are not just architectural masterpieces, but also the embodiment of the traditions and history of this country. Here the most famous Englishmen, members of the royal…

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Piccadilly Circus Square in London
Circus Square is a lively square in the heart of London. It is known for its nineteenth-century fountain and neon signs that turned the square into a miniature version of…

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10 interesting facts about the Isle of Man
Everyone knows about Britain and Ireland, but relatively few know about the Isle of Man between the two giants. Despite its small size, the island has a unique and diverse…

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