Marble Arch London
Received an honorable place in front of Buckingham Palace, but later transferred to Hyde Park, the marble arch of London was modeled after the example of one of the most famous monuments of Rome. The marble arch was designed in 1827 by John Nash as the triumphal entrance to Buckingham Palace. At that time, John Nash was a successful architect who was largely responsible for changing the architectural appearance of the city in the early nineteenth century. Nash was famous for his work on Regent Street, Buckingham Palace, Cumberland Terrace and his master plan in the Marylebone area, around Regent Park.
In 1851, the arch was moved to its current site in the northeast corner of Hyde Park. Some historians say that the arch was relocated due to a very narrow central span. Others claim that when the palace was expanded in 1851, Queen Victoria asked for more personal space for her family.
Nash modeled the Marble Arch of London, following the example of the famous Roman Arch of Constantine, built in the fourth century. Both structures have Corinthian columns and three arches: one large central arch and the other two on the sides. The top of the arch is decorated with sculpted relief panels. They represent England, Scotland and Ireland. The arch was also decorated with many beautiful sculptures, which were subsequently dismantled and moved to another location. Today it is one of the most famous triumphal arches in the world.
In 1829, King George IV ordered an equestrian statue of himself for installation on top of the central arch. However, this was not to happen, and instead the statue was installed on a plinth in Trafalgar Square, where it remains to this day. Although the gate once served as the main entrance to the palace, today the Marble Arch plays practically no role, being located between the neighborhoods of Bayswater and Marylebone. When the arch was located at Buckingham Palace, only the main members of the Royal Family, as well as the Royal Horse Artillery and the Royal Detachment could pass through its arches. Today, anyone can walk through this landmark in London.