Cromarty Firth Oil Platform Cemetery
In the remote harbor in the north of Scotland, between two steep promontories are dozens of old oil platforms. They have been idle for several decades, quietly waiting for the…

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Welsh Culture. The Traditions Of Wales. Welsh Cuisine
Eisteddfod is purely a Welsh invention, which gives all travelers a mystical experience. The word Eisteddfod means "meeting of the bards", and traditionally Eisteddfod was a competition associated with the…

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National Gallery. The most important London museum
The National Gallery is one of the most important London museums. Here is an impressive collection of paintings, covering the period from 1260 to 1900 with the works of almost…

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The Rock of Gibraltar – Pillar of Hercules

The Rock of Gibraltar is a geology miracle located on the British territory of Gibraltar, on the Iberian Peninsula. This magnificent monolith is owned by the United Kingdom, located on the southwestern tip of Europe. It also serves as part of the border with Spain. Most of the upper cliffs form a reserve, which, along with the flora, fauna and geology of the region, is a popular tourist attraction. The place became known as one of the Pillars of Hercules and the Romans called it Mons Calpe.

The Rock of Gibraltar is a huge cape consisting mainly of limestone. It also forms a peninsula that goes into the Strait of Gibraltar. Due to the limestone composition, parts of the rock slowly dissolve over time due to the action of water. This process often forms caves. In the case of the Rock of Gibraltar, there are more than 100 caves. The cave of St. Michael remains the most famous, and is also the largest attraction of the area. The monolith reaches 426 meters in height.

Natural Reserve Gibraltar Rock
As of 1993, approximately 40% of the total area of ​​the Rock of Gibraltar now make up the reserve, and most of the flora and fauna found there is still important for conservation. The most famous of them are the Macaque Barbari, whose population within the reserve has 300 individuals – this is the only known population of wild monkeys in Europe. Other endemic species of significant interest are Barbary partridges and plant species such as the Gibriltar Iberis. The Rock of Gibraltar also serves as a major resting place for large populations of migratory birds.

The remains of Neanderthals were found at several sites in Gibraltar. In 1848, the skull of a Neanderthal woman was found in the Forbes quarry located on the northern side of the Rock. However, its value was not recognized until, in 1856, a type specimen was discovered in the Neander Valley. Excavations in the cave of Gorkham, located near sea level on the eastern side of the Rock, proved that the caves were used by Neanderthals, and the remains of plants and animals in the cave indicated a very diverse diet of prehistoric people.

Scotland's Culture. Scotland Traditions. Scottish Cuisine
Historically, Scots have been underrepresented in British art and music, but they have nonetheless given the world a huge legacy in science, literature and philosophy. The Scots discovered logarithms, the…

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history of Scotland
Scotland was originally inhabited by people engaged in hunting and gathering, who came from England, Ireland and Europe about 6000 years ago. They brought the Neolithic era with them to…

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Skyscraper Mary Ex. London cucumber
The Mary Eix skyscraper, better known as the London Cucumber, is one of the most attractive buildings in London and stands out against the backdrop of the city skyline. Mary…

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London tour is cheap. It's real!
Review No. 1. London was pleasantly surprised at the airport: all the terminals of the British capital are connected to the suburban train stations, so you can get to the…

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10 interesting facts about the Isle of Man
Everyone knows about Britain and Ireland, but relatively few know about the Isle of Man between the two giants. Despite its small size, the island has a unique and diverse…

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